SQL Server Rebuild or Reoganize Your Indexes – It depends, but here is a script I use.

So if you are like me, chances are you have that one server where the reindexing or reorganizing is taking a long time to finish. I came up with a solution that has helped me reduce the time it takes to maintain my indexes.

Background

Rebuilding indexes basically recreates an index from scratch (retrieving the data from the table again) whereas reorganizing is a process that relocates the pages of an index.

Rebuilding an Index

Rebuilding an index is typically an offline process, unless you have the Enterprise edition of SQL Server with the online flag set (check BOL for your particular version). While non-clustered indexes are being rebuilt, the table is available. However, rebuilding clustered indexes results in the the table being offline.

Reorganizing an Index

Reorganizing is an online process. It can reduce your fragmentation, but doesn’t always. Remember it is only moving pages around and not actually recreating the pages from data in the table.

Best Practices

Based on what I have read from various experts of SQL Server, rebuilding is recommended for indexes over 30 percent fragmentation. Under 30 percent, the index should be reorganized.

It is also recommended to not do anything to the indexes that are under 100 pages in size as they will not gain anything from a rebuild or reorganize. Of course, sometimes you might need to rebuild a small index, if for example, one of the pages has data corruption.

What the Script Does

Based on the best practices I mention above, it scans the sys.indexes view of every database on your SQL Server instance and then creates (and executes) rebuild or reogranize command for each index that has more than 5% fragmentation and more than 100 pages in size.

It uses the server default fill factor, which you can set in the properties of server instance.It currently DOES rebuild clustered indexes, so if you are running this be sure to run it in your maintenance window.

I encourage you to read through and understand the script as well as test it in your test environment before running it on production to get a feel for its behavior.

Let me know if it helps you out, I know it has helped me get more done in my maintenance window.

DECLARE @rebuildThreshold FLOAT;
SET @rebuildThreshold = 30.0;

CREATE TABLE #indices (
dbname VARCHAR(300),
tablename VARCHAR(300),
indexname VARCHAR(300),
fragmentation FLOAT
)
DECLARE @db SYSNAME;
DECLARE @sql VARCHAR(2000);

DECLARE curs CURSOR
FOR
SELECT  name
FROM    sys.databases
WHERE   name<>’tempdb’  AND state_desc <> ‘OFFLINE’ AND is_read_only = 0

OPEN curs

FETCH NEXT FROM curs INTO @db;
WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS=0
BEGIN
SET @sql = ‘SELECT ”’ + @db + ”’,
”[” + SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) + ”].[” + OBJECT_NAME(i.object_id, DB_ID(”’ + @db + ”’)) + ”]”,
i.name AS indexname,
ips.avg_fragmentation_in_percent
FROM    sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats(DB_ID(”’ + @db + ”’), NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL) ips
INNER JOIN [‘ + @db + ‘].sys.indexes i ON ips.object_id=i.object_id AND
ips.index_id=i.index_id
INNER JOIN [‘ + @db + ‘].sys.objects o ON i.object_id = o.object_id
WHERE   page_count>=100 AND
avg_fragmentation_in_percent > 5’;

INSERT  INTO #indices
(
dbname,
tablename,
indexname,
fragmentation
)
EXEC (
@sql
);

FETCH NEXT FROM curs INTO @db;
END
CLOSE curs;
DEALLOCATE curs;

DECLARE curs2 CURSOR
FOR
SELECT  CASE WHEN fragmentation<@rebuildThreshold THEN ‘ALTER INDEX ‘ + indexname + ‘ ON [‘ + dbname + ‘].’ + tablename + ‘ REORGANIZE;’
ELSE ‘ALTER INDEX ‘ + indexname + ‘ ON [‘ + dbname + ‘].’ + tablename + ‘ REBUILD;’
END
FROM    #indices
WHERE   indexname IS NOT NULL;

OPEN curs2;

FETCH NEXT FROM curs2 INTO @sql;
WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS=0
BEGIN
EXEC (@sql);
PRINT @sql;

FETCH NEXT FROM curs2 INTO @sql;
END

CLOSE curs2;
DEALLOCATE curs2;

DROP TABLE #indices

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SQL Server Reporting Services ~ MultiValued Parameters

This is a really good article on multivalued parameters in a stored procedure. Very good read for SQL Server Reporting Services.

Tech Updates

In SSRS reports we can have multi valued paremeters, which means we can select multiple values for that parameter and based on all those selected values result in the report is shown. We can write the SQL query to pass those parameter’s values and populate the data set, but sometimes it is required or to optimize the performance we need to use the stored procedure instead of direct sql query. This stored procedure will be taking the report paremeter as input and returing the result set to populate the data set.

In case of sql query as well as stored procedure, all selected values of the multi-value parameter will be passed as ‘,’ (comma) separated. So we should use IN clause in WHERE to impose the desired condition.

Problem: If we use stored procedure passing an input parameter which is multi-value parameter, SSRS will take all those selected multiple values…

View original post 398 more words

Monitoring SQL Server with Profiler ~ 5 Things to Avoid

SQL Profiler

Everyone loves Profiler and for good reason, it provides you with good data to help you make your SQL Server run even better. To quote FDR, “great power involves great responsibility.” Here is a brief list of things to avoid.

Run Profiler on the same server as SQL Server.

This adds too much overhead to the server, please don’t do it, EVER! Ideally, run it on a test server that has some good system resources to be able to capture and analyse all that data.

Select too many events to trace.

For example, selecting Batch Begin and Batch Completed. Choose only what you need.

Don’t filter the results.

Filtering saves you time crawling through the results and saves SQL Server time. This falls back on number 3, choose only what you need.

Don’t join the Performance Monitoring data with Profiler data.

Why chase down a problem, that is not the real cause of your slow server? While you may see a small performance boost on the server, you may be missing the elephant in the room.